Pastors aren’t Prophets: Some Unsolicited Advice for Newly-Minted Ministers

Too many of our new pastors in the mainline church leave the ministry after a few years. There are many reasons why this happens, but for whatever reason, it is not good.  It’s bad for them and bad for the church, and it is bad stewardship to train someone who only serves a short time.

Some of these ministers should never have been ordained in the first place, and the gatekeepers didn’t do their due diligence. Some were lacking the necessary “gifts and graces” for ordained ministry, which doesn’t mean they didn’t have a different and effective ministry in the church.

There are far too many sad situations where a ministry fails for one reason or another, where hopes are shattered, and a young (or not so young) person is saddled with a financially crippling debt for the years in seminary they paid for in loans.

Being a pastor of a church is a hard job.  I was one for thirty years.   Despite the nonsense being promulgated by the “experts,” faithful pastoring is not a matter of working a certain number of hours (or “units” as they are now sometimes called.) It’s a vocation that takes up most of your waking hours,

When a congregant really needs you, it doesn’t matter whether it is your day off. If you asked me how many seasoned pastors are burned out to one degree or another, I would say, “All of them, if they are really doing their job.” That is why pastors need to exercise radical self-care, pray constantly, and accept the fact, that not being yourself God, you cannot do all that is demanded of you.

Now I readily admit that there is some truth to the whole boundary/take care of yourself/take time for yourself movement. But like all partial truths it is not the whole truth. The church once had a useful word, now much out of favor, for when one piece of the truth gets blown out of proportion.  The word is heresy

One of the modern heresies (but by no means the only one) of the contemporary mainline church, is that you can have something akin to a normal 40 hour a week professional life and be a faithful pastor.  It isn’t true.  A pastor’s life, and the life of the pastor’s family is necessarily involved in the community of their congregation in season and out of season.

Sometimes, even often, it is wonderful; other times it isn’t.  That’s the way it goes.  It isn’t the Canyon Ranch spa.  I often say being a pastor is the best vocation there is, but perhaps the worst job.  If you are not called to it, it is something you really don’t want to do

When I started as a pastor thirty-five years ago I was well trained and well educated and didn’t have a clue what I was really supposed to do. I learned quickly. One of the things I learned was that you have to love your congregants, even the unlovable, of which there are far too many, and who take up a good deal of your time.  If and when you find yourself loving them, you know you are on your way to really being a pastor.  Some of them you will just never learn to love, and you have to turn them over to God, who does.

I had been a anti-war and civil rights activist in college and seminary, and had gone to jail for my causes, but when I got into the pastorate I learned very quickly that you can’t be a prophet until you have earned the peoples’ trust. This means years of marrying and burying and sitting by sick beds and in hospital rooms. If you do this well they may be ready to hear hard truths from the pulpit. They may not. Certainly Isaiah’s prophecies fell on deaf ears.

New ministers who have grown up in the church have a leg up, because they know its rhythms and customs,its “grandeur and misery.”

But today many of our ministerial candidates haven’t grown up in the church. Some of them turn out to be our best ones, but they are at a disadvantage. They don’t know the church’s music and it’s well-worn liturgies. They don’t know the joys of a community strawberry festival on a warm spring day, or the energy and agony of a capital-funds campaign to get a  new boiler.

They often come to seminary or divinity school in a process of self-discovery, which is fine. Most of us did that to one degree or another. I recall from seminary that the ones who knew they wanted to be a minster since the age of six were best avoided, and probably needed therapy.

Now seminary is a good place to learn many useful things, like that David didn’t write all (or perhaps any) of the Psalms, that the Scriptures are thick and have a literary history, and that the heresies we see around us are as old as the church.  If one is lucky, you’ll find a mentor or two, and be able to intern in a healthy church who will love you and teach you what it means to be the church.</div

What seminaries are not good at (because its not really their job) is forming men and women into Christians, much less teach them how to be faithful pastors.  Christian formation is primarily the church's job, not the schools, although they can help out.

There are many fine teachers and students in these schools, and I don’t want in any way to impugn their integrity or their faith.

At the same time, we are seeing too many newly-minted pastors who come to seminary, not only to find themselves, but with a passion for a social cause or causes, which is fine.  I certainly had mine. In seminary the flame of their passion is often fanned by others who share it, which is also fine.

But if all you know of the faith is what you learn in divinity school you are at a distinct dis-advatantage. And if the main reason you accept a call from a congregation is to promote your passion and cause then your soul is in danger, and so is the life of a congregation. Because the congregation you go to may or may not share your passions. It can be dangerous either way.

If they agree with most of your views, be they liberal or conservative, the temptation is to self-justification and self-righteousness, and a tendency to see sin and evil as “out there” in your ideological adversaries, and not also in your own heart and soul. Then the great insight expressed by the Reformers' axiom simul justus et peccator, that we are at the same time justified and sinners, is lost. This danger in the mainline church can exist in some ministers for their entire careers and they will never even know it.

The other temptation is perhaps more dangerous, at least in mainline churches. That is to go to your first congregation where they don’t share your passion for your social cause or causes, and you scold them for it. You do not learn to love them, and they do not learn to love you, and eventually your ministry fails.

Typically we are too polite to ever actually fire anyone (although it does happen), but there are other ways to get you to leave, the best one being to so discourage you that you lose heart and leave. Some, too many, of our new pastors actually seek out this kind of martyrdom, and when they are inevitably cast out, they can then turn and say how stiff-necked and hard-hearted their congregation was. But my sympathy for them is limited. Congregations can be stiff-necked and hard-hearted and even abusive. This is nothing new. Just go read Exodus or First Corinthians.

But congregations can be also be wonderful, supportive, gracious, and long-suffering, especially if they sense you are really trying to be their faithful pastor.

The late great Bill Coffin, a prophet himself, once told a bunch of us young ministers (about 1972) a story (which my version here will be only a loose approximation) about one of his students from Yale.

The young pastor was in hot water for his deeply prophetic views and fiery pulpit pronouncements on social issues (it was Vietnam time, and the nation was deeply divided.) The lay leaders wanted to fire him. As the discussion heated up, one of them, a banker, prominent member and very conservative, stood up and said, “You can’t fire him, he’s our pastor. It’s true that he’s a real pinko, and I can’t stand most of the stuff he says from the pulpit, but when my wife was dying he came to see her every day. He’s staying.” And he did. Bill went on to say that if you are a faithful pastor, your flock will give you great freedom to pursue your passions, be it peace and justice work, or collecting butterflies.

A dear rabbi friend of mine who is well up in his eighties told a bunch of us a powerful story last week. He had been an army chaplain in the Korean War, and, perhaps because of that, he was a firm supporter of the Vietnam War. But when our National Guard opened fire and killed some students who were peacefully protesting the war at Kent State University in 1970, he had a change of heart, and he changed his mind. And on the next High Holy Days in the fall, when he preached to the biggest congregation of the year, he apologized to them and asked them to forgive him, admitting that he had been wrong about the war. This story brought brought tears to my eyes. He had been their faithful rabbi by then for fifteen years, and he stayed for another dozen or so. The Vietnam War by 1970 was very unpopular, especially here in what until last December was sometimes called by conservatives “The Peoples Republic of Massachusetts.” I am sure that many of his congregants had been hearing sermons they didn’t agree with for some time. But he had earned the right. And when he finally repented publicly, he was indeed a prophet with the full attention of his people. From then on, when he spoke out against the war, he had every ear.

So at the right time and place you can sometimes be both a prophet and a pastor. But you’d better be a pastor to the people first, because that is your primary calling. If you just want to be a prophet, I suggest you go work for a political action organization.

(Addendum:  Since yesterday several of my interlocutors have reminded me that the prophetic office is one of the roles of the whole congregation, and I heartily agree.  One of the roles of the pastor is to equip the saints for that office (along with their priestly and royal ones) as the body of Christ.  What I was addressing was the lone clerical prophet, a romantic notion that is now in vogue.  If the preacher is faithful there will be all kinds of political implications in the Word broken open for the people.  But our pulpits are too often merely a platform for an overtly political agenda, and the texts then just become window dressing.  But you can’t say it all in one post, although I often try.)

(Photo:  The Prophet Jeremiah, Michelangelo, the Sistine Chapel)

17 thoughts on “Pastors aren’t Prophets: Some Unsolicited Advice for Newly-Minted Ministers

  1. >Rick,This is (easily) among the best blog posts I've read in ages. I'm going to share it with all of my students, and (if you don't mind) re-post it. There's wisdom here that needs to be shared.With deep thanks,Jason

  2. >Thanks, Rick. Echoes of our conversation yesterday. My understanding is that in our denomination, it's the congregation not the pastor, that is the prophet, and the priest, and the sovereign under God of its own life. One way to put the question of the pastor and prophecy us, "how does the pastor and teacher serve the congregation's prophethood. Mick Comstock

  3. >Rick, sometimes the life is in the pouring from a deep well, and too much time in the pot killeth. It was this that makes so much of PTF's work dynamic (in the true theological sense of that word) … even if not always exactly right.

  4. >Mick,So true, P.T. Forsyth wrote about the prophetic vocation of the congregation. And you are spot on that that is one of the pastor's roles, to equip the saints for their prophetic ministry (as one piece of Calvin's description of the work of Christ, and his body the church, in the three-fold office, as you mentioned.)Thanks for your good comment. Our conversation yesterday got this one started. Let us talk soon.Rick

  5. >Wise words my friend. I have learned over the years that good pastoral care and theology always trumps ideology. Isaiah still speaks better to the Wall St. barons than does the editorial page of the New York Times.Norm

  6. >Thanks, Norm.But recall that nobody listened to Isaiah! And God even told him that would happen. How's that for a job description?Ah, the New York Times, which I read faithfully, was once referred to by somebody as “the parish newsletter of self-satisfied liberalism.” Are you still laboring in the rocky vineyard of the Lord?

  7. >Amen, Rick, from another old soul who has never totally fit because of such parallel contemplations. Kind of like Tom Lehrer's songs which are as true today as they were in the 1950's+. It is sad because in so many ways so many people in our world are hungry for authentic pastoral care even though they are not connected or are disconnected from religious institutions. That is also to me the danger of pastors/parish clergy who function only as internalized chaplains to those within their walls. David Proctor

  8. >Yes, David, your last point a big danger for pastors, and for churches. The “let the church be the church” slogan is helpful as far it goes, but congregations live not for themselves, and have social contexts.But by being a sign of the kingdom of God, even an imperfect one, they should transform their contexts.Are you the David Proctor I was at seminary with at ANTS?

  9. >Rick,Its always helpful to remember that when the prophet stands in the pulpit, he,or she, stands under the same judgment as those he or she is preaching to.You learn these things, I think. I remember that in my first church, during the Vietnam War, I think I compared Nixon to Hitler from the pulpit! I wasn't a great fan of Nixon, but that was a bit of a stretch. When preaching descends into almost entirely social commentary, then you are right, you should work for a political organization, and that's true of both left and right.John Cedarleaf

  10. >Thanks, John, for the good thoughts. Yes, we all stand under the Word of God, a word of both judgment and grace, always a two-edged sword. We mustn't forget that.I was no fan of Nixon, either. But your comparison of him with Hitler, while overblown, had some truth to it, in that both misused their office. Hitler was a mass murderer in the name of the state. Nixon was just a “crook.” But it was Nixon that opened up talks with China.I don't think the mainline church has ever recovered from the Vietnam era. And remember when conservative evangelicals once castigated us for getting involved in politics? How times change. Now they are the base of the Republican Party.The first time I was in a pulpit in seminary, several people got up and walked out. They had every right. Did you know Mike Maguire? He was with me and we had just come back from a demonstration, and thought that “We will resist you” made a good litany response for the call to worship. We were so angry and arrogant then.So much of what I know I learned the hard way.

  11. >John,Mike and I lived next door to each other at Andover Newton, and were great friends. We stood side by side when we were arrested at Harrisburg, PA for protesting the war in Vietnam.You are right. He did serve as a student intern at Second Church Greenfield (I met Mick Comstock through him).After graduation he became pastor in South Deerfield. Sadly, he died while there of a coronary embolism at age 30.Now he was a prophet!RickRick

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